Referencing guidelines

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These should be numbered consecutively in order in which they are first mentioned in the text (not in alphabetic order) and placed as endnote. In the text they should be indicated above the line (super scripted). Use the style of the examples mentioned below, which are based on the formats used by the NLM in Index Medicus. The titles of journals should be abbreviated according to the style used in Index Medicus. Use complete name of the journal for non-indexed journals. Avoid using abstracts as references. The commonly cited types of references are shown here:

  • Articles in Journals:
  1. Standard journal article (for up to six authors): Deole YS, Ashok BK, Shukla VJ, Ravishankar B, Chandola HM. Psychopharmacological Study on Antidepressant effect of Brahmi Ghrita. AYU Int Res J Ayurveda 2008;29(2):77-83.
  2. Standard journal article (for more than six authors): List the first six contributors followed by et al.

Nozari Y, Hashemlu A, Hatmi ZN, Sheikhvatan M, Iravani A, Bazdar A, et al. Outcome of coronary artery bypass grafting in patients without major risk factors and patients with at least one major risk factor for coronary artery disease. Indian J Med Sci 2007;61:547-54.

  1. Volume with supplement: Shen HM, Zhang QF. Risk assessment of nickel carcinogenicity and occupational lung cancer. Environ Health Perspect 1994;102 Suppl 1:275-82.
  2. Issue with supplement: Payne DK, Sullivan MD, Massie MJ. Women's psychological reactions to breast cancer. Semin Oncol 1996; 23(1, Suppl 2):89-97.
  • Books and Other Monographs:
  1. Personal author(s):Ringsven MK, Bond D. Gerontology and leadership skills for nurses. 2nd ed. Albany (NY):Delmar Publishers; 1996.
  2. Editor(s), compiler(s) as author: Norman IJ, Redfern SJ, editors. Mental health care for elderly people. New York: Churchill Livingstone; 1996.
  3. Chapter in a book: Phillips SJ, Whisnant JP. Hypertension and stroke. In: Laragh JH, Brenner BM, editors. Hypertension: pathophysiology, diagnosis, and management. 2nd ed. New York: Raven Press; 1995. pp. 465-78.

Electronic Sources as reference

  • Journal article on the Internet:
  1. Basisht GK. Symbiohealth-Need of the hour. AYU [serial online] 2011 [cited 2020 Jan 6];32:6-11. Available from: http://www.ayujournal.org/text.asp?2011/32/1/6/85715
  • Monograph on the Internet:
  1. Foley KM, Gelband H, editors. Improving palliative care for cancer [monograph on the Internet]. Washington: National Academy Press; 2001 [cited 2002 Jul 9]. Available from: http://www.nap.edu/books/0309074029/html/.
  • Homepage/Web site:
  1. Cancer-Pain.org [homepage on the Internet]. New York: Association of Cancer Online Resources, Inc.; c2000-01 [updated 2002 May 16; cited 2002 Jul 9]. Available from: http://www.cancer-pain.org/.
  • Part of a homepage/Web site:
  1. Gujarat Ayurved University [homepage on the Internet]. Jamnagar: The University; [updated 2019 Dec 31; cited 2020 Jan 07]. Gujarat Ayurved University; Available from: http://ayurveduniversity.edu.in/
  • References from Ayurvedic Classical Texts and Samhitas:

The references from Ayurvedic Samhitas should be given in the following order:

  1. Name of the original writer(s) of Samhita, Name of the Samhita, name of the Sthana(part or section), Adhyaya (chapter), serial number of chapter/Shloka(verse)number, then editor, edition number, name of the publisher, then year of publication; Page number (if specified only).

E.g. Agnivesha, Charaka, Dridhabala, Charaka samhita, Chikitsa Sthana, Grahani Chikitsa Adhyaya, 15/20, edited by Vaidya Jadavaji Trikamji Aacharya,2nd edition, Chaukhamba Sanskrit Sansthan, Varanasi, 1990;225.

  1. If the same Samhita or book is refereed two or more times then after quoting the full reference first time, on the second time write the word “Ibidem” followed by reference number (1) followed by name of the Samhita ‘Charaka Samhita’ and name of the Sthana, name of Adhyaya Number/ shloka number and at last page number if specific.

E.g. Ibidem Charaka Samhita(1), Grahani Chikitsa Adhyaya, 15/25;226.

  1. If the reference is taken from the edited version or view of the editor on the original text, then the reference can include: Name of the editor, followed by designation like ‘editor’, and the reference from the Samhita as described above,

E.g. Jadavji T.,editor. Charaka Samhita, Chikitsa Sthana, Grahani Chikitsa Adhyaya, 15/20, 2nd edition, Chaukhamba Sanskrit Sansthan, Varanasi, 1990; 225.

  1. If the reference is quoted from a commentary of original text, then the reference can include: Name of the commentator, followed by designation ‘commentator’, and the reference from the Samhita as described above.

E.g. Chakrapanidutta, Commnetator. Charaka Samhita, Chikitsa Sthana, Grahani Chikitsa Adhyaya, 15/20, 2nd edition, Chaukhamba Sanskrit Sansthan, Varanasi, 1990; 225.