From Charak Samhita
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Health is equilibrium of body components and blissful state of mind,sensory motor organs and soul.
Ayurveda has comprehensive understanding of health as described by Charak and Sushruta where five components of health are described as follows:

  • Three dosha (interaction between epigenes and genes)- vata, pitta, and kapha - are the fundamental physiological governing regulators of the body,
  • Agni (metabolic and digestive processes by various enzymes and interaction with microsomes)
  • Dhatu (principles that uphold the formation of body tissues).
  • Mala or bodily wastes produced that are either reutilized or excreted well, and
  • The blissful state of soul, sensory motor organs and mind.

A trained Ayurvedic physician can clinically identify disequilibrium of these factors and rectify them to prevent disease.


Aarogya, Swastha, Swasthya, Arogata, Samya, Prakriti.

Importance of health

धर्मार्थकाममोक्षाणामारोग्यं मूलमुत्तमम्||१५||

रोगास्तस्यापहर्तारः श्रेयसो जीवितस्य च|

Health is the best source of virtue, wealth, gratification and emancipation while diseases are destroyers of this (source), welfare and life itself. (Cha.Su.1/15)

How to preserve balance of dhatu

देशकालात्मगुणविपरीतानां हि कर्मणामाहारविकाराणां च क्रियोपयोगः सम्यक्, सर्वातियोगसन्धारणम्,असन्धारणमुदीर्णानां च गतिमतां, साहसानां च वर्जनं, स्वस्थवृत्तमेतावध्दातूनां साम्यानुग्रहार्थमुपदिश्यते||८||

For the maintenance of the equilibrium of dhatu, one should follow proper activities and diet having properties opposite to the geographical condition, season and physical constitution of the individual; one should observe proper utilization of (physical and mental) capabilities as well as of available resources like time; One should avoid excess utilization of anything; one should not suppress manifested natural urges and should also avoid working beyond one’s capacity. (Cha.Sha.6/8)

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